Sardar Bhagat Singh (1907-1931)
Bhagat Singh was born to Kishan Singh and Vidyavati at Banga in the Lyallpur district of the West Punjab on 28 September 1907. His grandfather had been deported to Mandalay along with Lala Lajpat Rai on charges of seditious activities caused by the iniquitous Colonisation Bill of 1908.
On completion of primary education at the village school in Banga, Bhagat Singh was sent to DAV College, Lahore. Here he came under the influence of two teachers and veteran nationalists, Bhai Parmanand and Jai Chand Vidyalankar, who left lasting impression on Bhagat Singh. He responded to the non-cooperation call of Gandhi, left the college and later joined the National College founded by Lala Lajpat Rai, from where he graduated in 1923. The same year he joined the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA).
In 1925 he founded the Nav Jawan Bharat Sabha at Lahore to inculcate a spirit of revolution among the youth. He came in touch with other revolutionaries like Sukhdev, Yashpal, Bhagawati Charan, Chandra Shekhar Azad, B.K. Datt, Surendra Nath Pandya, Jatindra Nath Das and others.
Bhagat Singh along with Rajguru and Chandra Shekhar Azad made an attempt to assassinate Mr. Scott, believed to be responsible for the lathi blows given to Lalaji, who was leading a black flag demonstration against the all-White Simon Commission. Instead, Saunders, a police head constable was killed by mistake and Bhagat Singh escaped to Calcutta.
On 08 April 1929 Bhagat Singh and B.K. Dutt threw a bomb in the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi to demonstrate against the autocratic alien rule. They were later arrested along with Rajguru and Sukhdev. Bhagat Singh and his compatriots were tried and hanged in Lahore Central Jail on 23 March 1931.
Bhagat Singh gave the slogan of 'Inquilab Zindabad', which later became the war cry of the Indian Independence struggle. He edited the Urdu paper Kirti from Amritsar. He also edited Akali (Amritsar). A good journalist, he sometimes contributed to the Arjun (Delhi) and Pratap (Kanpur) under the pseudonym of 'Balwant Singh'.